The US Senate passed an amended version of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 on Saturday, March 6, 2021 with a vote of 50 to 49 on a political basis. One of the changes adds tax-free student loan forgiveness to the House version of the bill. The House is expected to pass the Senate version of the bill, and the President has announced that he will legally sign it.
The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 contains a provision to provide tax-free relief to federal and federal agencies … [+]
Section 9675 of the 628-page legislation changes the tax treatment of student loan allocation in the years 2021 to 2025 inclusive.
The legislation excludes full or partial settlement of student loan debts from income and makes them tax-free.
Eligible loans include:
- All federal student and parental loans, including direct loans, FFEL program loans (whether held by the Department of Education or commercial lenders), federal Perkins loans, and federal consolidation loans
- All government educational loan programs
- Institutional loans from a college or university
- Private student loans and private parent loans
Loans must be issued, insured, or guaranteed by the federal government, including federal agencies such as the Department of Education, state governments, colleges and universities, and private education lenders. The loans must “have been granted specifically for post-secondary educational costs, regardless of whether they are granted through the educational institution or directly to the borrower”.
Most student loan programs were already tax-free. These include:
- Forgiveness for working in a particular profession, e.g. These include, for example, public service loans, teacher loan programs, certain doctor and nurse loan programs, and various Federal Perkins loan programs.
- Death and disability relief from federal and private student loans
- School layoffs closed
- Wrong certification discharges
- Unpaid refund discharges
The main difference is that after 20 or 25 years in an income-based repayment plan, the cancellation of the remaining debt is now tax-free. Only borrowers on income-based repayment plans can be granted prior to the expiration of tax-free status in late 2025. This benefits several hundred thousand borrowers, most of whom have lived below the poverty line for decades.
President Biden’s proposal to allocate $ 10,000 for student loan allocation can be treated tax-free.
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